American Sign Language is a language form developed for the deaf and dumb community for communicating with each other. You may wish to learn ASL or any different sign language as a second language based on your interest or for professional reasons. It is not easy to learn sign language as a second language. Learning ASL is difficult as it is not similar to learning a spoken language like German, English French etc. ASL is a complete and complex language. Thus mastering ASL requires extensive training and practice. The following helps to understand the difficulties and complexities involved in learning ASL as a second language.
Categorising Languages Based On Difficulty
The following categories group the languages based on their complexity.
Category I: Languages like English, Danish, Spanish, French, Italian, Swedish require about 23-24 weeks of learning. These languages are easy to learn, as they are closely related to English.
Category II: The German language falls under category II. German is somewhat similar to the English language. Mastering the German language requires about 30 weeks or 750 hours. It is a bit harder to learn the German language compared to the languages listed in Category 1
Category III: Languages with linguistic and cultural differences like Finnish, Zulu, Ukrainian, Nepali etc. are completely different from the English language. These languages are difficult to learn, and it takes about 44 weeks to become proficient in this category of languages
Category IV: Arabic, Japanese, Korean, Mandarin are complex languages, and it is challenging for native English speakers to learn it. It requires nearly 88 weeks to learn a language under this category.
How Difficult Is ASL?
Several researchers are involved in assessing the complexity of ASL. In the year 1980, the Foreign Service Institute stated that ASL should fall under category II. ASL has also been listed under Category IV as it is a complex sign language. It is said that it requires about 1320 hours to gain proficiency in ASL. Thus it is evident that learning ASL is not easy as ASL does not fall under Category I.
Why is ASL Difficult To Learn?
The following are some of the common reasons that make ASL a complex language.
Differs From English: ASL owns a rich set of grammar. It is a self-sustained and complete language. ASL is completely different from English on the linguistic level. The English language is based on phonology and phonetics, whereas ASL is morphological and syntactical. This makes it a completely different language and cannot be compared with the English language. This makes ASL complex compared to other native spoken languages.
Culture Differs: A person with a hearing disability finds it easy to learn any sign language. An average person faces difficulties in mastering sign languages like ASL. The deaf and dumb community follow a unique culture which is different from others. Cultural differences make it challenging to learn ASL
Modality Differs: People who are highly proficient in the English make use of articulators when signing with ASL. It interferes with the grammatical structure of ASL. Thus the learning process of ASL becomes more difficult.
Thus learning ASL is difficult, and it involves various complexities. It is evident that some find it easy to master ASL as a second language, but some find it extremely hard to learn it.